Health systems involve a multiple number of actors that can be organized in various ways and present different political-institutional designs.5. This political-institutional framework goes hand in hand, on the one hand, with the conception mobile phone number list of health: as a citizen's right or as a protection scheme for specific areas; on the other, how this system is organized, the actors that comprise it and their roles, how it is financed and the service management model, that is, the way in which it provides health services6. Both the conception of health that is held and the form of organization, financing and management of services can mobile phone number listcontribute or hinder access for the population.
In Latin America there are as many models of health systems as there are countries, and in turn the countries combine characteristics mobile phone number listof each other, but it is possible to group them broadly into three types: universal model, social security model and private insurance model7.The first, the universal type model, is financed with general taxes and provides free services to the entire population (this may vary for the immigrant population depending on the country). Service providers are generally also public, although in some mobile phone number listcountries there may be what is called concerted services (public private management).
The second, the social security model, mobile phone number list is fundamentally characterized by being financed through mandatory contributions from workers inserted in the formal employment market and from their employers. Health services are provided by private non-profit entities and the provision of services is organized by specific groups that usually go hand in hand with the branch of productive activity. That way, for example, teachers have their group of providers, public employees theirs, and so on. The coverage reaches the taxpayer and his family nucleus.